Batteries: 3D Mesoporous Graphene: CVD Self-Assembly on Porous Oxide Templates and Applications in High-Stable Li-S Batteries (Small 39/2015) (page 5177)

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期刊
Small


标题
Batteries: 3D Mesoporous Graphene: CVD Self-Assembly on Porous Oxide Templates and Applications in High-Stable Li-S Batteries (Small 39/2015) (page 5177)


作者
Jia-Le Shi, Cheng Tang, Hong-Jie Peng, Lin Zhu, Xin-Bing Cheng, Jia-Qi Huang, Wancheng Zhu and Qiang Zhang


摘要
A nanostructured carbon with high specific surface area (SSA), tunable pore structure, superior electrical conductivity, mechanically robust framework, and high chemical stability is an important requirement for electrochemical energy storage. Porous graphene fabricated by chemical activation and liquid etching has a high surface area but very limited volume of electrochemically accessible mesopores. Herein, an effective strategy of in situ formation of hierarchically mesoporous oxide templates with small pores induced by Kirkendall diffusion and large pores attributed to evaporation of deliberately introduced volatile metal is proposed for chemical vapor deposition assembly of porous graphene frameworks (PGFs). The PGFs inherit the hierarchical mesoporous structure of the templates. A high SSA of 1448 m2 g−1, 91.6% of which is contributed by mesopores, and a mesopore volume of 2.40 cm3 g−1 are attained for PGFs serving as reservoirs of ions or active materials in electrochemical energy storage applications. When the PGFs are applied in lithium-sulfur batteries, a very high sulfur utilization of 71% and a very low fading rate of ≈0.04% per cycle after the second cycle are achieved at a current rate of 1.0 C. This work provides a general strategy for the rational construction of mesoporous structures induced by a volatile metal, with a view toward the design of hierarchical nanomaterials for advanced energy storage.


原文链接
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smll.201501467/full


2017年02月09日

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