Controlled Synthesis of Ultralong Carbon Nanotubes with Perfect Structures and Extraordinary Properties

产品简述

期刊

Accounts of chemical research


标题

Controlled Synthesis of Ultralong Carbon Nanotubes with Perfect Structures and Extraordinary Properties


作者

Rufan Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Fei Wei


摘要

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have drawn intensive research interest in the past 25 years due to their excellent properties and wide applications. Ultralong CNTs refers to the horizontally aligned CNT arrays which are usually grown on flat substrates, parallel with each other with large intertube distances. They usually have perfect structures, excellent properties, and lengths up to centimeters, even decimeters. Ultralong CNTs are promising candidates as building blocks for transparent displays, nanoelectronics, superstrong tethers, aeronautics and aerospace materials, etc. The controlled synthesis of ultralong CNTs with perfect structures is the key to fully exploit the extraordinary properties of CNTs. CNTs are typical one-dimensional single-crystal nanomaterials. It has always been a great challenge how to grow macroscale single-crystals with no defects. Thus, the synthesis of ultralong CNTs with no defect is of significant importance from both fundamental and industrial aspects.


In this Account, we focus on our progress on the controlled synthesis of ultralong CNTs with perfect structures and excellent properties. A deep understanding of the CNT growth mechanism is the first step for the controlled synthesis of ultralong CNTs with high quality. We first introduce the growth mechanism for ultralong CNTs and the main factor affecting their structures. We then discuss the strategies to control the defects in the as-grown ultralong CNTs. With these approaches, ultralong high-quality CNTs with different structures can be obtained. By completely eliminating the factors which may induce defects in the CNT walls, ultralong CNTs with perfect structures can be obtained. Their chiral indices keep unchanged for several centimeters long along the axial direction of the CNTs. The defect-free structures render the ultralong CNTs with excellent electrical, mechanical and thermal properties. The as-grown ultralong CNTs exhibit superhigh mechanical strength (>100 GPa) and their breaking strain (>17.5%) reach the theoretical limits. They also show excellent electrical and thermal properties. In addition, centimeters long CNTs showed macroscale interwall superlubricious properties due to their defect-free structures.


Ultralong, defect-free CNTs with controlled structures are highly desirable for many high-end applications. We hope that this Account will shed light on the controlled synthesis of ultralong CNTs with perfect structures and excellent properties. Moreover, the growth mechanism and controlled synthesis of ultralong CNTs with perfect structures also offers a good model for other one-dimensional nanomaterials.


原文链接

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.accounts.6b00430


2018年02月02日

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